Measles is caused by infection with the virus named Measles. The virus lives in the mucus of the nose and throat, also in the saliva of the patient. After the exposure to the virus, measles symptoms appears within 8-12 days, on average, the skin rash occurs approximately 2 weeks after contact with infected person.
Symptoms of Measles
The patient will have fever together with respiratory infection symptoms such as cough, runny nose, red and watery eyes. A measles rash appears on face, body, arm and leg around 3 to 4 days after the fever begins, and will spread to the rest of body. It usually takes 2-3 days before a fever lowers. The rash will be red-brown or brownish color when it starts to fade.
Since measles is an infection that is caused by virus and mostly the symptoms are not severe, treatment will focus on providing relief from the symptoms which is similar to the treatment of the cold such as taking medicines to reduce fever, giving medicine for cough relief, suggest the patient to take a rest, drink a plenty of water. In addition, vitamin A is nowadays given for 2 days of the treatment. In case the symptom is more severe and notice that the phlegm turn yellow or green or having shortness of breath, the parents should take the kids to visit the doctor for proper treatment.
Complications of Measles
Complications of measles include infections of the airways and lung such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and middle ear infection; mostly found in a child who has immune deficiency or nutritional deficiencies. Complications occur in the later stage of the disease when the fever already subsides.
Measles prevention by vaccine
Apart from avoiding direct contact with the patient, measles can be prevented by vaccination. According to Ministry of Public Health, vaccine must be given to every child, the first dose of vaccine is recommended at 9-12 months of age and the second dose will be administered again at two and a half years old.
If you notice any abnormal symptoms such as runny nose, cough, red and watery eyes, and high-grade fever of your child, you should take your child to visit the physician as complications may develop.
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